Human rights are defined as a set of rights rooted in all human beings, regardless of nationality, gender, religion, ethnic or national origin, language, color, or any other status, as a person is entitled to these rights. Without distinction or discrimination, all of which are interrelated and indivisible, and human rights can be expressed by international laws, treaties, and general principles, and international human rights law establishes certain obligations and duties on governments, so as to compel them to act in certain ways, or refrain from performing acts Specific to protect and promote human rights and fundamental freedoms of individuals and groups.
International human rights law
International human rights law defines obligations for governments aimed at promoting and protecting human rights and fundamental freedoms of individuals and groups, and a wide range of internationally recognized rights has been defined including civil, political, cultural, economic, and social rights, in addition to establishing Numerous means that help to protect and promote these rights, and to help states and governments assume their duties and responsibilities related to them.The Charter of the United Nations and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights that were adopted by the Arab Society in 1945 and 1948 are the basis for building this law, as it was gradually expanded by the United Nations to include groups that are subject to discrimination more than other groups, including: women, children, And people with special needs, in addition to other vulnerable groups.
The Universal Declaration of Human Rights The Universal Declaration of Human Rights includes all the rights of individuals and groups, namely:
The right to equality. The right to education.
The right to life, liberty and personal security.
The right to protection from arbitrary and exile detention.
The right to marry and found a family.
The right to freedom of movement inside and outside the country.
The right to be free from slavery. The right to freedom of belief and religion.
The right to private property.
The right to freedom of opinion and information.
The right to peaceful assembly and association.
The right to rest and leisure. The right to participate in the cultural life of the community.
The right to an adequate standard of living.
The right to do the desired job, and to join trade union associations.
The right to social security.
The right to participate in free elections.
The right to a nationality, and the freedom to change it.
The right to recognition of a person before the law.
The right to be free from interference with the privacy of the family and the home.
The right to asylum in other countries in the event of persecution.
Human rights characteristics, including:
Universal and inalienable rights: This principle is the cornerstone of international human rights law, as it first appeared in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in 1948, and all countries have agreed to at least one of the main treaties that relate to human rights, as well as About 80% of countries have agreed to 4 or more treaties, and human rights are inalienable, and can only be withdrawn from a person in certain circumstances, such as restricting the right to a person’s liberty as a result of the court’s finding that he is guilty and has committed a crime.Indivisible rights: All human rights are indivisible, whether these rights are civil or political, such as the right to equality before the law, or the right to freedom of expression, or economic, social and cultural rights, such as the right to freedom of employment, education, and social security Or collective rights, such as the right to self-determination.Equal and non-discriminatory rights: where this principle applies to all persons and freedoms, it is present in all the major human rights treaties, as all people are born free and equal in dignity and rights.