Causes of emigration
Migration of all kinds has several reasons, as follows:
Economic reasons: It is considered one of the most important drivers that cause internal and external migration and the most influential of individuals, and it is represented in the low economic level of individuals, which limits their aspiration to live a comfortable life with both family and friends. Therefore, they seek to immigrate to a region or country that offers them a job offer for a wage that guarantees them a better life than they used to be.
Social causes: Social causes include several factors closely related to economic factors, namely: religion, nationalism, knowledge, language, and the kinship link that drives many residents to migrate to countries and regions in which former immigrants have had a previous social relationship.
Religious reasons: These reasons push many residents of religious minorities to emigrate to other countries that guarantee their freedom of belief, religion and opinion. Because of the persecution and religious intolerance they face by the majority in their countries.
Geographical reasons: Some geographical factors, such as the large areas of some countries, increase the opportunity to migrate to them. Because large areas occupy many latitude circles, which provides them with a diversity of geographical environments that in turn create a variation in the type of climate, mineral wealth, and agricultural crops, and this leads to a diversity in economic activity in them, and provides various job opportunities that attract immigrants to them.
Political reasons: Some residents resort to emigrating to other countries in search of freedom of expression and belief, and to escape the political persecution practiced against them in their home country.
Governmental reasons: Some governments control the place of immigration of people by directing them to specific regions according to plans and studies based on setting up economic development programs in these regions.
A brain drain is the transfer of students, talents, doctors and engineers to study in countries other than theirs that provides them with a suitable environment for excellence and creativity. Some students go to complete their studies in other countries with the aim of returning to their homelands and benefiting from their knowledge that they have acquired, but many of them do not return to the better possibilities and opportunities they find in the countries of immigration.
The effects of migration
Migration has major effects on both the individual and society, which vary between positive and negative, including:
The positive impact: the positive impact of migration is reflected in improving the standard of living income of individuals, and forming an intellectual renaissance that transforms their mother societies and transforms them into a better scientific and living place. Poverty and unemployment rates decrease, and the percentage of foreign exchange increases due to the migration of labor.
The negative impact: The negative impact appears on the form of the emigration of enlightened minds outside their homes, and some immigrants have been exposed to some forms of extremist ideological intolerance in the Diaspora, especially if they are illegal immigrants, and they may have to work in arduous jobs and long working hours.